Biography


1897
Gustave Henri Roud is born 20 April at the Chalet-de-Brie in the village of St-Légier (above the city of Vevey), an estate his paternal grandfather had taken as a farm. The Roud family originally came from Ollon. Gustave Roud and his sister, Madeleine Roud (1893-1971), first attend the small school in St-Légier run by their two paternal aunts. 

1907-1908
Student at the Collège de Vevey (local primary school). While at this school, he meets Steven-Paul Robert.

1908
The Roud family moves to Carrouge, near the Jorat region of the Canton of Vaud, to the farm of a maternal grandfather, Jean-Daniel Coigny, who passed away three years earlier. Roud and his sister will spend their entire lives in this home, first with their parents, their grandmother, and their maternal aunts. Then, beginning in 1941, with their paternal aunt, Marguerite Roud.

Samuel Roud, Gustave and Madeleine Roud as children, ca. 1905, Gustave Roud Archive, CRLR

1908-1913
Collège classique, Lausanne (Lower Secondary school). While at this school, Roud studies under Ernest Ansermat for math and Edmond Gilliard for French. 

1913-1915
Cantonal Gymnase Classique, Lausanne (Upper Secondary School).  While at this school, he is again with Steven-Paul Robert, who introduces him to Georges Nicole. Here he studies under Charles Gilliard for history, and with Henri Roorda for math. 

1915
16 July, receives his bachelier ès lettres (Diploma, Literature) with a distinction in Latin/Greek. Publication of his first poems, in the Cahiers Vaudois (Poèmes et Nouvelles, 5th Cahier of the 2nd series). 

1915-1919
Studies literature at the University of Lausanne. Receives his Licence ès lettres classiques (undergraduate degree in classical literature).

Gustave Roud, The Carrouge House, 1960s, Gustave Roud Photographic Archive, BCU

1916
In May begins the Journal, which will finish in October 1971.
Recruit school V/1 in the infantry, as a rifleman, at the Lausanne barracks (67 days). Incorporated into the Riflery Battalion 1. 

1917
Incorporated into the Riflery Battalion 3 (Riflery Company IV/3). Non-commissioned officers school of the 1st division (31 days). 2 June, named Corporal. Infantry officers school of the 1st division (89 days). Named lieutenant on 31 December 1917. In 1917, participates in two war mobilization periods (16 and 18 days). 

1918
Two periods of active military service (72 and 12 days). 

1919-1922
Roud publishes poems in La Revue romande, also writes columns on art and literature for this journal. He also collaborates with the Feuille d’avis de Lausanne and the Tribune de Lausanne. The publication of an article on “Several Suisse-Romande (Suisse-Romande refers to the French-Speaking area of Switzerland) painters at the XVe National Fine Art Exposition,” on 19 October 1922 in the Tribune de Lausanne marks the beginning of his correspondence with René Auberjonois.  

1920
For two weeks in February, Roud substitute teaches for Emmanuel Buenzod at the Collège de Vevey.
Spring (April) trip to Tuscany, where he joins Steven-Paul Robert and Jean Viollier in Florence.

Gustave Roud in lieutenant’s dress, ca. 1918-1919, Gustave Roud Archives

1921
Army service in Sainte-Croix (13 days). 31 December, named First Lieutenant.

1922
From January to April, substitute teaching at the Collège de Vevey (Latin and French). From 24 April to 6 May, army service in Gollion (13 days). 

1923
From 7 to 19 May, army service in Arnex (13 days). 

1924
Army service in Etoy (13 days). In early autumn, substitute teaching for several months at the Collège de Vevey.

Cover of La Revue romande, 15 octobre 1919, Gustave Roud Archives, CRLR

1925
From 1 to 13 June, army service in L’Orient (13 days). In the autumn, short stay in Paris with Steven-Paul Robert. 

1927
Roud writes to Henry-Louis Mermod regarding the publication of his first volume, entitled Adieu. This edition was published by the author in December with Verseau, in Lausanne. Roud sends a copy to Ramuz, in this way initiating their exchanges. 

1927-1929
Afflicted with tuberculosis, Roud suffers from a serious pulmonary infection; he is treated at the Beau-Site Sanatorium, in Leysin, Neuchâtel, from December 1927 to April 1929, visiting Carrouge only a few times for short stays.
He decides against taking on the family farm that his father, for health reasons, can no longer keep up.

Gustave Roud in Leysin, Beau-Site sanatorium, 1927-1929, Gustave Roud Photographic Archives, BCU

1928-1932
Roud is a town councilor of the commune of Carrouge.

1929
October, publication of Feuillets with Editions Mermod in Lausanne.

1929-1931
Editing position for the journal Aujourd'hui, published by Henry-Louis Mermod, and directed by Ramuz. He publishes his first translations, of Novalis and of Hölderlin, but also "Notes" and some poetic texts.

1930
16 June, death of his father, Samuel Roud, born in 1862.

1931
3 February, death of Elise Coigny, his maternal grandmother. 16 May, death of Alice Coigny, a maternal aunt.

Gustave Roud, Feuillets, Lausanne, Editions Mermod, 1929, frontispice and title page, with a portrait of Roud by René Auberjonois, Gustave Roud Archives, CRLR

1932
In June, publication of Petit traité de la marche en plaine suivi de lettres, dialogues et morceaux, with Editions Mermod in Lausanne. 

1933
5 March, death of his mother, Constance Roud-Coigny, born in 1864.
In May, publication of Essai pour un paradis with Mermod in Lausanne, in the Aujourd’hui series (Cahier No. 121, backdated November 1932). 

1934
Roud wins a contest open to “French-speaking Swiss writers under 40” organized by the Société des écrivains suisses (Society of Swiss Authors). He wins in the “novel” category, for Essai pour un paradis.
He begins to collaborate, through articles and photographs, with the magazine L’Illustré; he contributes to this publication until 1943.

1935
In April, he spends ten days in Paris after an invitation from Steven-Paul Robert. 12 December, he is released from military service for health reasons.
Gustave Roud, Steven-Paul Robert in Versailles, April 1935, Gustave Roud Photographic Archives, BCU (CRLR02109, CRLR database) 

1936
Albert Mermoud creates the Guilde du Livre in Lausanne, a direct mail publishing house that he will run until the business closes in 1976; Roud is one of the founding members. Until their dissolution in 1966, he will be a member of the reading committee and on the Jury for the Prix de la Guilde (Guild Prize), created in 1941. During this period, Roud takes on significant work for the Lausanne publisher – translations, introductions, manuscript revision – and collaborates regularly for the Bulletin de la Guilde du Livre.

Gustave Roud, « L’Hiver dans un village de chez nous », first page, L’Illustré, n° 8, 24 February 1938, Gustave Roud Archives, CRLR

1937
He meets Georges Borgeaud, with whom he's been corresponding since 1936. 

1939
Roud meets Maurice Chappaz, with whom he will correspond for the rest of his life. 

1941
In April, publication of Pour un moissonneur with Editions Mermod in Lausanne. This work garners Roud the prix Rambert, awarded to him 27 June. Philippe Jaccottet, who comes to hear Ramuz’s speech during the ceremony, discovers Roud at this event.
Roud becomes head of the local Guard in Carrouge.

Gustave Roud, Maurice Chappaz, Georges Borgeaud and Daniel Simond, Carrouge, 5 May 1940, Gustave Roud Photographic Archives, BCU

1942
27 February, Philippe Jaccottet writes for the first time to Roud, asking him to sign his copy of Pour un moissonneur. In November, publication of Poëmes de Hölderlin, translation by Gustave Roud, with Editions Mermod in Lausanne.
He collaborates with La Semaine de la femme through articles and photographs; about ten of his contributions are published until 1943.

1943
26 March, death of Roud’s maternal aunt, Clara Coigny. 

1944
In May, new edition of Adieu with Portes de France in Porrentruy.
The same month, inaugural meeting of the Association des écrivains vaudois (Association of Vaud Writers). Roud attends and becomes a member of this society.

1945
In March, publication of Air de la solitude with Editions Mermod in Lausanne. This work is awarded a prize from Switzerland’s Schiller Foundation.
In early September, the prize from the Salon Romand du Livre (Suisse- Romande Literary Festival, in Neuchatel) is given to Roud for Air de la solitude.
In December, publication of Rilke’s Lettres à un jeune poëte, preceded by Orphée and followed by two essays on poetry, translation by Gustave Roud with Editions Mermod in Lausanne. 

1947
In January, re-publication of Lettres à un jeune poëte with Mermod in Lausanne. 

1948
In October, publication of Novalis’s Disciples à Saïs, Hymnes à la nuit, Journal, translation by Gustave Roud with Editions Mermod in Lausanne. 

1949
In December, publication of Haut-Jorat with Editions des Terreaux in Lausanne. Roud is exempted from the local Guard, definitively, on 15 November. 

1950
In September-October, publication of two volumes of Ecrits with Editions Mermod in Lausanne.
31 October, upon a proposal from the Fonds cantonal des arts et des lettres (Vaud Cantonal Archives for Arts and Letters), the State Council decides to allocate 1000 francs to Roud.
In December, the Fondation C.F. Ramuz is founded ; Roud is a member of the executive board.

Gustave Roud, Haut-Jorat, Lausanne, Editions des Terreaux, 1949, cover with a photograph by the author, Gustave Roud ARchives, CRLR

1951
In August, visit to Salzbourg and Innsbruck in order to conduct research on the poet Georg Trakl whose poems he is translating. 

1953
First letter to Jacques Chessex, who will remain a close friend until his death. 

1955
Prize from the Association of Vaud Writers, in the amount of 5000 francs, for the entirety of his oeuvre. 

1956
Roud joins the committee of the Société des écrivains Suisse (Society of Swiss Authors). He will remain a member until 1959.
In September, new edition of Lettres à un jeune poëte with Mermod in Lausanne.

Publication notice for Ecrits by Gustave Roud, created by Editions Mermod, 1950, Gustave Roud Archives, CRLR

1957
16 June, Fête des letters vaudoises (Vaud Literary Festival,) organized at Crêt-Bérard near the village of Puidoux, for Roud's sixtieth birthday. Publication upon this occasion: Hommage à Gustave Roud (Lausanne, without publisher cited)
27 June, Roud receives an honorary doctorate from the University of Lausanne.
From 23 September to 8 October, visit to Rome and Naples. The Guilde du Livre inspires this trip by offering him the plane ticket.
27 December, the commune of Carrouge grants him the status of bourgeoisie d’honneur (honorary citizenship status). 

1958
26 February to early March, several days trip to La Ciotat with Steven-Paul Robert.
In October, publication of Repos du cavalier with Bibliothèque des Arts in Lausanne. 

1964
The Cantonal Committee for Arts and Literature grants Roud an award of 10,000 francs.

Jacques Chessex, Dedication to Gustave Roud in Batailles dans l’air, 9 May 1959, Gustave Roud Archives, CRLR

1965
Michel Soutter creates a film on Roud in the series “Swiss Personalities” aired on the Télévision Suisse Romande.

1966
Novalis, Hymnes à la nuit (engravings by Albert Yersin), translation by Gustave Roud, with Editions Castella in Albeuve.

1967
12 April, At the Mon Repos villa Roud receives the prix de la Ville de Lausanne (City of Lausanne Prize) in the amount of 20,000 francs.
From 17 to 29 April, exposition “Hommage to Gustave Roud” at the Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne.
20 April, for the poet's seventieth birthday, the Gazette Littéraire and the Centre de recherché sur les lettres romandes (Center for Research on Suisse-Romande Literature) organize a poetry evening at the aula of the Palais de Rumine. Participants include Maurice Chappaz, Jacques Chessex and Philippe Jaccottet.
22 April, birthday celebration for Roud in the commune of Carrouge.
With the help of Philippe Jaccottet, Roud contributes to the publication of Hölderlin’s Œuvres in the “Bibliothèque de la Pléiade” published by Editions Gallimard.
In November, publication of Requiem with Editions Payot in Lausanne.

Gustave Roud and Michel Soutter, photo taken during filming of the series « Swiss Personalities », Carrouge, 1965, Gustave Roud Archives, CRLR

1968
Philippe Jaccottet publishes Gustave Roud with Editions Seghers in Paris, for their series « Poètes d’aujourd’hui » 173.
Henri Perrochon nominates Roud for the Nobel Prize. 

1970
The Swiss Schiller Foundation awards Roud with a prize of 5000 francs for “the entirety of his work and his translations”. 

1971
13 February, death of his sister Madeleine.

1972
In April, publication of Campagne perdue with the Bibliotheque des Arts in Lausanne. 

1974
In October, publication of Lettres sur le romantisme allemand (Lausanne, Etudes de Lettres), correspondence between Albert Béguin and Gustave Roud.

Georges-André Chevallaz and Gustave Roud during the City of Lausanne’s award ceremony, 12 April 1967, Gustave Roud Archives, CRLR

1976
10 November, death of Gustave Roud at the hospital in Moudon. He is buried in Carrouge on 13 November. 

1977
26 February, creation of the Association des Amis de Gustave Roud (Association of the Friends of Gustave Roud).
4 December, concert to honor Roud at the Saint-Etienne Church in Moudon "under the auspices of the Vaud Academic Society, the Association of the Friends of Gustave Roud, the Center for Research on Suisse-Romande Literature, and with the support of the Saint-Etienne Association, the commune of Moudon, and the State of Vaud." Involved with these events, as well as to the posthumous initiatives that will follow: Françoise Subilia, heir to the house and property of Gustave Roud, and Philippe Jaccottet, to whom the poet conferred the task of watching over the future of his oeuvre.

Marcel Imsand, Philippe Jaccottet, Gustave Roud and Anne Perrier, book signing at Payot bookstore, Lausanne, 3 March 1968, Gustave Roud Archives, CRLR